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Dataset contains results of GPR survey performed with 800 MHz antennas for snow depth calculation. Fieldwork has been done during peak of accumulation, along repeated profiles on several glaciers in the region of Hornsund, Svalbard: Amundsenisen (2013) Werenskioldbreen (2013, 2014, 2015) Nannbreen (2013) Ariebreen (2014) Flatbreen (2018) Storbreen (2018) Acknowledgements: Research Council of Norway, Arctic Field Grant 2013: Spatial distribution of snow cover and drainage systems on the glaciers on Wedel Jarlsberg Land (RiS ID: 6158); the National Science Centre PRELUDIUM 4: Role of meltwater from snow cover for supplying drainage systems of the Spitsbergen glaciers (2012/07/N/ST10/03784); References: LASKA M.,GRABIEC M.,IGNATIUK D.,BUDZIK T.,2017. Snow deposition patterns on southern Spitsbergen glaciers, Svalbard, in relation to recent meteorological conditions and local topography. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 99(3): 262–287. doi:10.1080/04353676.2017.1327321
Thermal structure of selected S Spitsbergen glaciers was derived from ground based radio-echo sounding (RES). The division between cold and temperate ice layers is based on indirect interpretation of GPR (ground penetrating radar) image. Cold ice layer is virtually “transparent” for radio waves, while temperate ice layer is characterised by numerous diffractions on water inclusions. The database contains results from 479.7 km of RES profiles acquired in 2007-2014 on 12 glaciers in Wedel Jarlsberg Land and Torell Land (S Spitsbergen) including: Amundsenisen, Austre Torellbreen, Vestre Torellbreen, Hansbreen, Storbreen, Hornbreen, Hambergbreen, Recherchebreen, Scottbreen, Renardbreen, Werenskioldbreen and Ariebreen. Basic characteristics of investigated glaciers and its thermal structure is provided in table 1 (supplementary information). The surveys used GPR antennas in range 25-200 MHz, selected according to expected ice depth. Thanks to that on 87% of the profiles ice/bed interface has been identified. The radar system was pulled behind the snowmobile moving with velocity c. 20 km h-1. Applying trace interval 0.2-1.0 s, trace-to-trace distance was in range 1-5m. Trace positions were acquired by GNSS receivers working in navigation or differential mode with respective accuracy 3.0 m and 0.1m. RES data were processed applying standard filtering procedure (DC-offset, time-zero adjustment, 2-D filter, amplitude correction and bandpass filtering). Time-to-depth conversion used average radio wave velocity (RWV) for glacier ice 16.4 cm ns-1, 16.7 and 16.1 for cold and temperate ice respectively, based on CMP survey. More precise description of data collection, processing and quality is provided by Grabiec (2017). In S Spitsbergen polythermal glaciers are predominant. 57.8% of surveyed profiles consist of both: temperate and cold ice layers; 22.7% profiles is entirely temperate while 6.6% contains cold ice only (remaining profiles have undefined thermal structure). Studied glaciers represent broad spectrum of polythermal structure with cold-to-temperate ice ratio from 99:1% (Ariebreen) to 2:98% (accumulation zone of Vestre Torellbreen). The data were collected and processed under following projects: • IPY/269/2006 GLACIODYN The dynamic response of Arctic glaciers to global warming • UE FP7-ENV-2008-1 ice2sea Estimating the future contribution of continental ice to sea-level rise • PNRF-22-AI-1/07 AWAKE Arctic Climate and Environment of the Nordic Seas and the Svalbard – Greenland Area • NCBiR/PolarCLIMATE-2009/2-1/2010 SvalGlac Sensitivity of Svalbard glaciers to climate change • Pol-Nor/198675/17/2013 AWAKE-2 Arctic climate system study of ocean, sea ice and glaciers interactions in Svalbard area • 03/KNOW2/2014 KNOW Leading National Research Centre Reference: Grabiec M. 2017: Stan i współczesne zmiany systemów lodowcowych południowego Spitsbergenu w świetle badań metodami radarowymi. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, 328 s.
1. Two high-quality UAV movies taken in Hornsund fiord on 15th Sep 2016 with Phantom 3 Advanced usage. The movies are focused on Horyzont II ship during unloading goods to the Polish Polar Station Hornsund. Format file: .MOV. 2. Dataset consist six UAV movies taken in neighborhood of stake no. 4 of Hansbreen, one taken in the vicinty of stake no. 6 of Hansbreen and two on Tuvbreen. The movies from stake no. 4 show the ablation zone, crevasses, glaciers in the area and a team of University of Silesia scientists during maintanance of automatic weather station (AWS). The movie from stake no. 6 presents the surface of Hansbreen towards accumulation zone. The movies from Tuvbreen show the area around, surface of the glacier and University of Silesia team. UAV: Phantom 3 Advanced. Format file: .MOV. 3. One high-quality UAV movie taken from West morain of Paierbreen 22nd Aug 2016 with Phantom 3 Advanced usage. The movie is focused on the front of Paierlbreen. Format file: .MOV. 4. Two high-quality UAV movies taken on Silesiabreen 23nd Aug 2016 with Phantom 3 Advanced usage. The movie is focused on the snowline of Silesiabreen, University of Silesia scietists while fieldwork and neighbourhood. 5. UAV movie of Storbreen upper ablation area in 21st Aug 2016. 6. Three high-quality UAV movies taken from vicinity of Treskelen in Hornsund on 12 Sep 2016 with Phantom 3 Advanced usage. The movies are focused on the University of Silesia team during automatic weather station maintanance, sailing boat operated by scientists and Hornsund fiord. 7. A high-quality UAV movie taken from vicinity of Brateggbreen on 5 Sep 2016 with Phantom 3 Advanced usage. The movie is focused on Brateggbreen front and its proglacial lake. Format file: .MOV. 8. UAV movies of Werenskoildbreen front and morain in summer 2016
The base contain: 1. List (*xls) of terrophotogrammetric photographs taken by member of Polish Expedition on Iceland in 1968 (zone of Skeidarárjökull). 2. Skaning above photographs with resolution of 2400 dpi, file format *.tif and *.jpg (400 dpi). All photographs were taken by means of instrument type Phototheodolite Zeiss 19/1318 on glass plates. Authors of photographs: Tadeusz Konysz. Fot better identification of all photographs was prepared presentations (in *.pptx and *.pdf formats), where photographs there are arranged in in common practise, classic form used for terrophotogrammetric stereoscopic photographs: A, AL, AR, B, BL, BR (the meaning of a letter: A - right photogrammetric station and photograph taken in normal case [90°]; B - left photogrammetric station and photograph taken in normal case [90°]; AL - photograph taken from right station in left direction; AR - photograph taken from right station in right direction; BL - photograph taken from left station in left direction; BR - photograph taken from left station in right direction). Other photographs (e.g. panoramic) has additional informations. All names of photogrammetric stations and name of objects (in Polish language) was taken from the author’s collection of data.
Dataset contains detailed measurements of physical features of seasonal snow cover, according to International Classification of Seasonal Snow on the Ground (Fierz et al. 2009). Fieldwork has been done during peak of accumulation on several glaciers in the region of Hornsund, Svalbard: Amundsenisen (2013) Hansbreen (three sites; 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018) Werenskioldbreen (two sites; 2013, 2015) Nannbreen (2013) Ariebreen (2014) Acknowledgements: Research Council of Norway, Arctic Field Grant 2013: Spatial distribution of snow cover and drainage systems on the glaciers on Wedel Jarlsberg Land (RiS ID: 6158); the National Science Centre PRELUDIUM 4: Role of meltwater from snow cover for supplying drainage systems of the Spitsbergen glaciers (2012/07/N/ST10/03784) References: Laska M., Luks B., Budzik T., 2016. Influence of snowpack internal structure on snow metamorphism and melting intensity on Hansbreen, Svalbard. Polish Polar Research, 37(2): 193–218. doi:10.1515/popore-2016-0012 Laska M., Grabiec M., Ignatiuk D., Budzik T., 2017. Snow deposition patterns on southern Spitsbergen glaciers, Svalbard, in relation to recent meteorological conditions and local topography. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography, 99(3): 262–287 doi:10.1080/04353676.2017.1327321 Laska M., Barzycka B., Luks B., 2017. Melting Characteristics of Snow Cover on Tidewater Glaciers in Hornsund Fjord, Svalbard. Water, 9(10), 804. doi:10.3390/w9100804
• Data set of daily suspended sediment transport from the Breelva (glacier river), which drains the Werenskioldbreen (Southwestern Spitsbergen), for the period 2007–2012 (Appendix I). • Period of sampling, range of the suspended sediment concentration (SSC), total suspended sediment load (SSL), and the rate of mechanical denudation and also total annual runoff (Qtotal) from Werenskioldbreen catchment for the studied seasons (1972, 1986 and 2007–2012) (Appendix II). Detailed information can be found in: Pulina, M. Preliminary studies on denudation in SW Spitsbergen. Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Terre 1974, 22, 83–99. Krawczyk, W., Opołka-Gądek, J. Suspended sediment concentration in the Werenskiold Glacier drainage basin in 1986. In XXI Polar Symposium; Zalewski, M.S., Ed.; Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences: Warszawa, Poland, 1994; pp. 215–224, ISBN 8385173374. Łepkowska E., Stachnik Ł., 2018. Which drivers control the suspended sediment flux in a High Arctic glacierized basin (Werenskioldbreen, Spitsbergen)? Water, 10, 1408. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/w10101408
Glaciers facies extents of Vestfonna delivered from unsupervised classifications of SAR data (fully-polarimetric ALOS PALSAR, single polarimetric ERS-2 SAR) for 2009 year. Date of SAR images acquisitions: 4, 7, 20, 23, 26 May 2009 (VV Single Look Complex ERS-2 SAR), 22 May 2009 (ALOS PALSAR Single Look Complex 1.1, quad polarimetry). Method of classification: K-means classification, H-a Wishart Classification. Results validated with Ground Penetrating Radar data. For more information, please check: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.11.020 Overwiew of results of different classification methods with comparison to GPR data. Top panel: Pauli decomposition, middle panel: H-a Wishart classification, bottom panel: k-means classification. For more information, please check: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.11.020 (Figure 7).
Glaciers facies (ice, superimposed ice, firn) extents of Hansbreen, Storbreen and Flatbreen delivered from unsupervised classifications of single, dual and fully-polarimetric SAR data (ALOS-2 PALSAR, RADARSAT-2, Sentinel-1, ERS-2 SAR) between 2008 and 2018. Methods of classification: unsupervised ISO classification, H-a Wishart Classification. Results validated with terrestrial measurements (shallow ice cores drilling, Ground Penetrating Radar measurements). Research supported by the European Space Agency, Third Party Missions grant and Svalbard Science Forum, Arctic Field Grant 2018. For more details, please e-mail to email@example.com.
1. Dataset of UAV vertical aerial photos of Calypsobyen obtained from height of: 100m (58 photos), 60m (45 photos) and 30m (59 photos). Used UAV: Phantom 3 Advanced, date of acqusition: 16 Aug 2016. 2. Dataset of UAV vertical aerial photos of Paierlbreen east morain/dead ice obtained from height of 50m (152 photos). Area covered: ~250x~130m (with gaps).Used UAV: Phantom 3 Advanced, date of acqusition: 22 Aug 2016. 3. Dataset of UAV vertical aerial photos of Storbreen, close to Komsa (52 photos). Area covered: ~350x~230m. Used UAV: Phantom 3 Advanced, date of acqusition: 21 Aug 2016. 4. Dataset of UAV vertical aerial photos of Werenskoildbreen's south moraine (300 photos). Area covered: ~200x~350m and ~250x~250m. Used UAV: Phantom 3 Advanced, date of acqusition: 7 Sep 2016.
Meteorological data from Flat Glacier (Flatbreen) - air temperature.