Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway, Hans Glacier, Hansbreen
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The database contains irregular meteorological data collected from the Hans Glacier (Hansbreen) in the years 2007-2017 as part of the polar expeditions of the University of Silesia in Spitsbergen / Svalbard. Data from three automatic weather stations. Measured elements: air temperature, air humidity, wind direction, wind speed, elements of radiation balance, others.
Hansbreen velocity along the center line (stakes 2 to 11) is measured with a Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) receiver and were manually recorded weekly for stakes 2 through 5, and monthly for stakes 6 through 11, dependent on weather conditions. Monitoring of the glacier is conducted by Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Science. The minimum observation times at those stakes is between 20 and 30 minutes. Total error, taking into account GNSS receiver, stake tilt, and human factor is estimated at 20 cm.
Hansbreen velocity is measured with a Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) receiver that sampled location every 3 hours at stake 4MONIT located approximately 3.5 km upstream of the glacier terminus (N77°02’ E15°28’). Monitoring of the glacier is conducted by Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Science. We calculate the daily speed based on each midnight positions (with a horizontal accuracy of ±4 cm).