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The ortophotomap of Hornsund Fiord with changes to the front positions of tidewater glaciers. The front positions are based on different cartographical maps and satellite data. The base map is Sentinel 2 satellite image acquired on 6 July 2018. Citation: Kolondra L., 2018. Hornsund Fiord - Changes to the front positions of tidewater glaciers. University of Silesia, Faculty of Earth Sciences.
Glacier velocities are derived from the displacements of four stakes (Z, R, T, U) installed close to the front of three glaciers in Hornsund. Measurements of stakes position were conducted in 2013-2015, with precise dGPS receiver (Leica 1230, accuracy ±5cm) and single-frequency GPS receiver (Garmin, accuracy ±5m). Detailed description of the source data and accuracy can be found in: Błaszczyk M., Ignatiuk D., Uszczyk A., Cielecka-Nowak K., Grabiec M., Jania J., Moskalik M., Walczowski W., 2019. Freshwater input to the Arctic fjord Hornsund (Svalbard). Polar Research, 38. https://doi.org/10.33265/polar.v38.3506
Meteorological data from Aavatsmark Glacier (Aavatsmarkbreen)
The annual velocity of Hansbreen in the period 2007–2015 is determined at stake No. 4 located approximately 3.5 km upstream of the glacier terminus (15°28`E, 77°02`N). Monitoring of the glacier is conducted by Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Science. The stake position was measured by the differential GPS receiver at the turn of each year (December/January) (with a horizontal accuracy of ±4 cm). Velocity along the Hansbreen terminus in 2009 and 2015 is processed from repeated terrestrial laser scanning in August 2009 and August 2015. Values of displacements of the same features along the calving front (distinctive edges of crevasses) for approximately two weeks were provided with an accuracy of around 10 cm. The database is the supplement to the paper: Małgorzata Błaszczyk, Jacek A. Jania, Michał Ciepły, Mariusz Grabiec, Dariusz Ignatiuk, Leszek Kolondra, Aleksandra Kruss, Bartłomiej Luks, Mateusz Moskalik, Tadeusz Pastusiak, Agnieszka Strzelewicz, Waldemar Walczowski, Tomasz Wawrzyniak. “Factors controlling terminus position of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JF005763.
• Discharge measurements were conducted from May/June/July to September/October in the years 2007–2012. Direct observation periods were 62, 51, 61, 40, 121, and 35 days in the consecutive years. The data set was obtained from CTD-DIVER DI 261 or Mini-Diver (Van Essen Instruments, Delft, The Netherlands) logger with barometric compensation by BaroDiver (Schlumberger, Houston, TX, USA) with 10-min intervals and flow velocities were measured with a SEBA F1 current meter (SEBA Hydrometrie GmbH, Kaufbeuren, Germany). Mean daily discharge and total runoff in the hydrologically active season was calculated on the basis of the 24h running average of the water level and a rating curve (Appendix 1). More details have been reported by Majchrowska E., Ignatiuk D., Jania J., Marszałek H., Wąsik M., 2015: Seasonal and interannual variability in runoff from the Werenskioldbreen catchment, Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 197–224. doi: 10.1515/popore−2015−0014 • Hydrological data for Werenskioldbreen - archive of the University of Silesia. The base contain mean daily discharge in the years: 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1998, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2017, 2019 (21 hydrologically active seasons) – Appendix 2
Glaciers facies extents of Vestfonna delivered from unsupervised classifications of SAR data (fully-polarimetric ALOS PALSAR, single polarimetric ERS-2 SAR) for 2009 year. Date of SAR images acquisitions: 4, 7, 20, 23, 26 May 2009 (VV Single Look Complex ERS-2 SAR), 22 May 2009 (ALOS PALSAR Single Look Complex 1.1, quad polarimetry). Method of classification: K-means classification, H-a Wishart Classification. Results validated with Ground Penetrating Radar data. For more information, please check: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.11.020 Overwiew of results of different classification methods with comparison to GPR data. Top panel: Pauli decomposition, middle panel: H-a Wishart classification, bottom panel: k-means classification. For more information, please check: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.11.020 (Figure 7).
The longitudinal profile of the glacier surface is derived from continuous DEM generated from WorldView-2 satellite data (Błaszczyk et al., 2019), while profile of the bed under the glacier is interpolated from ground-penetrating radar data (Grabiec et al., 2012). Grabiec, M., Jania, J. A., Puczko, D., Kolondra, L., & Budzik, T. (2012). Surface and bed morphology of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 33(2), 111–138. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10183−012−0010−7 Błaszczyk, M., Ignatiuk, D., Grabiec, M., Kolondra, L., Laska, M., Decaux, L., Jania, J., Berthier, E., Luks, B., Barzycka, B., & Czapla, M. (2019). Quality assessment and glaciological applications of digital elevation models derived from space-borne and aerial images over two tidewater glaciers of southern Spitsbergen. Remote Sensing, 11(9), 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11091121 The database is the supplement to the paper: Małgorzata Błaszczyk, Jacek A. Jania, Michał Ciepły, Mariusz Grabiec, Dariusz Ignatiuk, Leszek Kolondra, Aleksandra Kruss, Bartłomiej Luks, Mateusz Moskalik, Tadeusz Pastusiak, Agnieszka Strzelewicz, Waldemar Walczowski, Tomasz Wawrzyniak. “Factors controlling terminus position of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JF005763.
The bathymetry data for Hansbukta includes depth measurements from different sources: data collected in 2014, 2016 and 2017 from a small boat using a Norbit Wideband Multibeam Sonar with positioning system, measurements collected in 2015 from a small boat using single beam echosounder Lowrance HDS5 with positioning and data from the Norwegian Hydrographic Service collected using a multi-beam survey in 2007–2008. Accuracy of the bathymetry from these different sources is assessed as ±5 m. The database is the supplement to the paper: Małgorzata Błaszczyk, Jacek A. Jania, Michał Ciepły, Mariusz Grabiec, Dariusz Ignatiuk, Leszek Kolondra, Aleksandra Kruss, Bartłomiej Luks, Mateusz Moskalik, Tadeusz Pastusiak, Agnieszka Strzelewicz, Waldemar Walczowski, Tomasz Wawrzyniak. “Factors controlling terminus position of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JF005763.
Results of supervised classification of six Landsat 8 images acquired on: 25 May, 3 June, 22 June, 15 July, 4 August and 20 August 2014, covering glaciers in Hornsund fiord. Method of classification: Maximum Likelihood. The results show variability of snow cover areas in melting period of 2014 for glaciers located in Hornsund fiord and larger than 9 km2 (Körberbreen, Samarinbreen, Chomjakovbreen, Mendelejevbreen, Svalisbreen, Hornbreen, Storbreen, Kvalfangarbreen, Mühlbacherbreen, Paierlbreen and Hansbreen). For more information, please check: https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100804 Overview: Results of Maximum Likelihood classification of Landsat 8 images for analysed glaciers. Red - snow cover, yellow - glacier ice, black - debirs, grey - cloud cover.
The dataset includes point winter and summer mass balance measurements on ablation stakes in 2009-2020 and the calculated point annual mass balance. The dataset includes part of the results from the project “Hindcasting and projections of hydro-climatic conditions of Southern 350 Spitsbergen” (grant no. 2017/27/B/ST10/01269) financed by the Polish National Science Centre, “Arctic climate system study of ocean, sea ice, and glaciers interactions in Svalbard area”—AWAKE2 (Pol-Nor/198675/ 17/2013), supported by the National Centre for Research and Development within the Polish–Norwegian Research Cooperation Programme and the SvalGlac—Sensitivity of Svalbard glaciers to climate change, the ESF Project, the project Integrated Arctic 355 Observing System (INTAROS)- Horizon 2020, the ice2sea 7th FP projects. The studies were carried out as part of the scientific activity of the Centre for Polar Studies (University of Silesia in Katowice) with the use of research and logistic equipment of the Polar Laboratory of the University of Silesia in Katowice.