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    • Data set of daily suspended sediment transport from the Breelva (glacier river), which drains the Werenskioldbreen (Southwestern Spitsbergen), for the period 2007–2012 (Appendix I). • Period of sampling, range of the suspended sediment concentration (SSC), total suspended sediment load (SSL), and the rate of mechanical denudation and also total annual runoff (Qtotal) from Werenskioldbreen catchment for the studied seasons (1972, 1986 and 2007–2012) (Appendix II). Detailed information can be found in: Pulina, M. Preliminary studies on denudation in SW Spitsbergen. Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Terre 1974, 22, 83–99. Krawczyk, W., Opołka-Gądek, J. Suspended sediment concentration in the Werenskiold Glacier drainage basin in 1986. In XXI Polar Symposium; Zalewski, M.S., Ed.; Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences: Warszawa, Poland, 1994; pp. 215–224, ISBN 8385173374. Łepkowska E., Stachnik Ł., 2018. Which drivers control the suspended sediment flux in a High Arctic glacierized basin (Werenskioldbreen, Spitsbergen)? Water, 10, 1408. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/w10101408

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    Read the abstract and supplemental information provided in the Vector template for more details.

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    The position of the terminus of Hansbreen is derived with very high frequency in the period 1991–2015. Over 160 multispectral and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data were used: LANDSAT 5, LANDSAT 7, LANDSAT 8, Terra ASTER, Alos AVNIR, SPOT 5, ERS-1, ERS-2, ENVISAT, Alos PALSAR, TerraSAR-X, TanDEM-X, and Sentinel-1. Terra ASTER images were orthorectified with use of 2008 DEM SPOT and geocoded in PCI Geomatica and ArcGIS software. Multispectral, already terrain-corrected images were rectified in ArcGIS software. SAR data were provided at the Single Look Complex level and that both radiometric and geometric corrections were applied using the same methods, and with the same digital elevation model (2008 DEM SPOT). The SAR data were processed in BEAM (http://www.brockmann-consult.de/cms/web/beam). Sentinel data downloaded from the Sentinel’s Data Hub were already processed. The satellite data were digitized manually to obtain the front position. The database is the supplement to the paper: Małgorzata Błaszczyk, Jacek A. Jania, Michał Ciepły, Mariusz Grabiec, Dariusz Ignatiuk, Leszek Kolondra, Aleksandra Kruss, Bartłomiej Luks, Mateusz Moskalik, Tadeusz Pastusiak, Agnieszka Strzelewicz, Waldemar Walczowski, Tomasz Wawrzyniak. “Factors controlling terminus position of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JF005763.

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    Glaciers facies extents of Langjökull delivered from unsupervised classifications of fully-polarimetric SAR data (ALOS-2 PALSAR, RADARSAT-2) for 2018 year. Date of SAR images acquisitions: 12, 16 Mar 2018 (Fine Quad Pol RADARSAT-2), 17 Mar 2018 (High Sensitive Quad Pol ALOS-2 PALSAR). Method of classification: H-a Wishart Classification. Results validated with terrestrial measurements (shallow ice cores drilling, Ground Penetrating Radar measurements). Research done with cooperation with University of Iceland and supported by the European Space Agency, Third Party Miassions. Overwiew of results of RADATSAT-2 (16 Mar 2018; Fine Quad Pol) classification of south part of Langjökull. Black line - contour of Langjökull; other colours - different scattering properties of SAR microwaves. For more details please contact Barbara Barzycka (bbarzycka@us.edu.pl).

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    Firn extents of Hansbreen and Werenskoildbreen delivered from unsupervised classifications of single, dual and fully-polarimetric SAR data (ALOS-2 PALSAR, RADARSAT-2, Sentinel-1, ERS-2 SAR) between 2011 and 2017. Methods of classification: unsupervised ISO classification, H-a Wishart Classification. Results validated with terrestrial measurements (shallow ice cores drilling, Ground Penetrating Radar measurements). Research supported by the European Space Agency, Third Party Missions grant and Svalbard Science Forum, Arctic Field Grant 2018. For more details, please e-mail to this adress: bbarzycka@us.edu.pl.

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    Results of supervised classification of six Landsat 8 images acquired on: 25 May, 3 June, 22 June, 15 July, 4 August and 20 August 2014, covering glaciers in Hornsund fiord. Method of classification: Maximum Likelihood. The results show variability of snow cover areas in melting period of 2014 for glaciers located in Hornsund fiord and larger than 9 km2 (Körberbreen, Samarinbreen, Chomjakovbreen, Mendelejevbreen, Svalisbreen, Hornbreen, Storbreen, Kvalfangarbreen, Mühlbacherbreen, Paierlbreen and Hansbreen). For more information, please check: https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100804 Overview: Results of Maximum Likelihood classification of Landsat 8 images for analysed glaciers. Red - snow cover, yellow - glacier ice, black - debirs, grey - cloud cover.

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    Ice front position of the tidewater glaciers in Hornsund was examined during the following periods: 1899–1936–1960/1961–1976–1990–2001–2005–2010. For the period 1899–1990, several archival maps of varying accuracy were used, sometimes difficult to assess. For the period 1976–2010 multispectral and radar satellite images were used. Detailed description of the source data and accuracy can be found in: Błaszczyk M., Jania J.A., Kolondra L., 2013: Fluctuations of tidewater glaciers in Hornsund Fiord (Southern Svalbard) since the beginning of the 20th century. Polish Polar Research, 34(4): 327-352.

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    Englacial water pressure was recorded by placing HOBO 250-Foot Depth Water Level Data Loggers in the center of Crystal Cave (N77°02' E15°34', 174 m) channel system (Hansbreen glacier). Data loggers were set to record values every 30 minutes, resampled to daily in post-processing, and have a resolution of 2.55 kPa for a typical error of 3.8 cm water level. Water pressure was converted in water level. Sensor was placed in the cave by drilling anchor points into the ice above a vertical shaft, then hanging cables down in the center of conduit. Stabilization cables were used to keep sensors from attaching to and freezing into ice walls by manually rappelling down to the sensor and attaching it to three horizontal cables, anchored into the ice walls at about 120 degrees apart. Senor was installed in Crystal Cave at about 100 m total distance from the cave entrance, in ice about 74 m thick. The sensor was installed 28 m above the glacier bed and 46 m below the ice surface.

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    The dataset includes point winter and summer mass balance measurements on ablation stakes in 2009-2020 and the calculated point annual mass balance. The dataset includes part of the results from the project “Hindcasting and projections of hydro-climatic conditions of Southern 350 Spitsbergen” (grant no. 2017/27/B/ST10/01269) financed by the Polish National Science Centre, “Arctic climate system study of ocean, sea ice, and glaciers interactions in Svalbard area”—AWAKE2 (Pol-Nor/198675/ 17/2013), supported by the National Centre for Research and Development within the Polish–Norwegian Research Cooperation Programme and the SvalGlac—Sensitivity of Svalbard glaciers to climate change, the ESF Project, the project Integrated Arctic 355 Observing System (INTAROS)- Horizon 2020, the ice2sea 7th FP projects. The studies were carried out as part of the scientific activity of the Centre for Polar Studies (University of Silesia in Katowice) with the use of research and logistic equipment of the Polar Laboratory of the University of Silesia in Katowice.

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    The longitudinal profile of the glacier surface is derived from continuous DEM generated from WorldView-2 satellite data (Błaszczyk et al., 2019), while profile of the bed under the glacier is interpolated from ground-penetrating radar data (Grabiec et al., 2012). Grabiec, M., Jania, J. A., Puczko, D., Kolondra, L., & Budzik, T. (2012). Surface and bed morphology of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 33(2), 111–138. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10183−012−0010−7 Błaszczyk, M., Ignatiuk, D., Grabiec, M., Kolondra, L., Laska, M., Decaux, L., Jania, J., Berthier, E., Luks, B., Barzycka, B., & Czapla, M. (2019). Quality assessment and glaciological applications of digital elevation models derived from space-borne and aerial images over two tidewater glaciers of southern Spitsbergen. Remote Sensing, 11(9), 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11091121 The database is the supplement to the paper: Małgorzata Błaszczyk, Jacek A. Jania, Michał Ciepły, Mariusz Grabiec, Dariusz Ignatiuk, Leszek Kolondra, Aleksandra Kruss, Bartłomiej Luks, Mateusz Moskalik, Tadeusz Pastusiak, Agnieszka Strzelewicz, Waldemar Walczowski, Tomasz Wawrzyniak. “Factors controlling terminus position of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JF005763.